Based on the Publication Manual of the
Psychological Association (6th Ed.)
Belize - March 2008
Double space all text from page one (1) of Chapter One to the end of your References section.
All citations & references must have an author.
Citations in the Text-
APA Style utilizes internal citations (Read Chapter Six, pp. 169-192).
Three ways to cite a quote:
1. "... insert quote here" (Wade and Tavris, 1990, p. 932).
2. Wade and Tavris stated "insert quote here..." (1990, p. 932).
3. Wade and Tavris (1990) stated "insert quote here..." (p. 932).
Use a block quote for direct quotes longer than 40 words or 3 lines.
Two ways to cite a paraphrase:
Dr. Bob says-
Good web sites for more information on APA style-
The APA style is different in that it combines a traditional bibliography and endnotes into one section called References (see Ch. Seven). You will not usually have a bibliography in your project. A reference section is double spaced & could look like this (after last page of your text & before appendices) with a hanging indent, the opposite of normal paragraphs. Since this is a Web page, the examples below do not have a hanging indent:
Bock, K. (1990). Structure in language: Creating
in talk. American Psychologist, 45, 1221-1236.
Carroll, J.B. (ed.). (1956).
Language, thought, and reality: Selected writings of
Whorf. Cambridge, MA: Massachusetts Institute of
Chambliss, W. (1973). The saints and the
In J.M. Henslin (Ed.), Down to earth sociology (pp.180-194).
York: The Free Press/Macmillan.
Maggio, R. (1988). The nonsexist word finder:
dictionary of gender-free usage. Boston: Beacon Press.
Mihail, T. (1992). Integrating students with
special needs: A civil rights movement. (3rd. ed.)
Purdue University Calumet.
Rickabaugh, K. (Producer) & Urbisci, R.
(Director). (1990). George Carlin: Doin' It Again.
Brunswick, NJ: Cablestuff Productions.
Thio, A. (1989). Sociology: An introduction.
(2nd ed.). New York: Harper & Row.
Wade, C., & Tavris, C. (1990). Psychology.
ed.). New York: Harper-Collins.