Based on the Publication Manual of the
American Psychological Association (6th Ed.)
Belize - March 2008
Double space all text from page one (1) of Chapter One to the end of your References section.
All citations & references must have an author.
Citations in the Text-
APA Style utilizes internal citations (Read Chapter Six, pp. 169-192).
Three ways to cite a quote:
1. "... insert quote here" (Wade and Tavris, 1990, p. 932).
2. Wade and Tavris stated "insert quote here..." (1990, p. 932).
3. Wade and Tavris (1990) stated "insert quote here..." (p. 932).
Use a block quote for direct quotes longer than 40 words or 3 lines.
Two ways to cite a paraphrase:
Dr. Bob says-
Good web sites for more information on APA style-
The APA style is different in that it combines
a traditional bibliography and endnotes into one section called References
(see Ch. Seven). You will not usually have a bibliography in
your project. A reference section is double spaced, in alphabetical
order (after last page of your text & before appendices)
with a hanging
indent, the opposite of normal paragraphs & not
done using the Tab key.
Since this is a Web page, the examples below do not have a hanging indent:
Bock, K. (1990). Structure in language: Creating
form in talk. American Psychologist, 45, 1221-1236.
Carroll, J.B. (ed.). (1956).
Language, thought, and reality: Selected writings of
Benjamin Lee Whorf. Cambridge, MA: Massachusetts Institute
Chambliss, W. (1973). The saints and the
roughnecks. In J.M. Henslin (Ed.), Down to earth sociology (pp.180-194).
York: The Free Press/Macmillan.
Maggio, R. (1988). The nonsexist word finder:
A dictionary of gender-free usage. Boston: Beacon Press.
Mihail, T. (1992). Integrating students with
special needs: A civil rights movement. (3rd. ed.)
Hammond, IN: Purdue University Calumet.
Rickabaugh, K. (Producer) & Urbisci, R.
(Director). (1990). George Carlin: Doin' It Again.
[Film]. New Brunswick, NJ: Cablestuff Productions.
Thio, A. (1989). Sociology: An introduction.
(2nd ed.). New York: Harper & Row.
Wade, C., & Tavris, C. (1990). Psychology.
(2nd ed.). New York: Harper-Collins.