Krathwohl's affective domain taxonomy is perhaps the best known of any of
the affective taxonomies. "The taxonomy is ordered according to the
principle of internalization. Internalization refers to the process
whereby a person's affect toward an object passes from a general awareness
level to a point where the affect is 'internalized' and consistently guides
or controls the person's behavior (Seels & Glasgow, 1990, p. 28)."
Receiving is being aware of or sensitive to the existence of certain
ideas, material, or phenomena and being willing to tolerate them. Examples
include: to differentiate, to accept, to listen (for), to respond to.
Responding is committed in some small measure to the ideas, materials,
or phenomena involved by actively responding to them. Examples are:
to comply with, to follow, to commend, to volunteer, to spend leisure time
in, to acclaim.
Valuing is willing to be perceived by others as valuing certain ideas,
materials, or phenomena. Examples include: to increase measured proficiency
in, to relinquish, to subsidize, to support, to debate.
Organization is to relate the value to those already held and bring
it into a harmonious and internally consistent philosophy. Examples
are: to discuss, to theorize, to formulate, to balance, to examine.
Characterization by value or value set is to act consistently in accordance
with the values he or she has internalized. Examples include: to revise,
to require, to be rated high in the value, to avoid, to resist, to manage,
Krathwohl , D.R., Bloom, B.S., and Masia, B.B. (1964). Taxonomy
of educational objectives: Handbook II: Affective domain . New York:
David McKay Co.
Seels and Glasgow (1990). Exercises in instructional design.
Columbus OH: Merrill Publishing Company.
Available at: classweb.gmu.edu/ndabbagh/Resources/