TOPIC: Production, Distribution, and Consumption in a Free-Market
GRADE LEVEL: 4th
CREATORS: Daneen Greer, Maria Mavridis, Jennifer Morris, Andrea
Smith, Barbara West
Fourth Grade students will learn the concept of producing, distributing,
and consuming goods by creating their own product using given materials
and establishing the means with which they will buy the materials, produce
the product, and distribute the profits.
To explain how a free-market economic system works, as well as other
economic systems, to coordinate and facilitate the exchange, production,
distribution, and consumption of goods and services.
tin cans (soup, tomato sauce, coffee)
decorative materials (buttons, ribbon, cloth)
tape / glue
paper and pencil
auction paddles (1 per group)
list of itemized prices of materials (different for each group)
Students will be divided into groups of five or six.
Each group will be given a tin can and some decorative materials.
Students will discuss and plan what they will make with their materials.
One student in each group will be the secretary and record the information
Students will establish ways to make the product, sell it, and what they
will do with the profits.
Students will begin to construct their own products.
Each group will present its product explaining what it is, how it was made,
how it will be sold and to whom and how the profits will be spent.
Each group will auction off its products and the remaining groups will
bid on them.
Students will be evaluated on the basis of their presentations. If they
include all of the necessary points in their presentation, including production,
distribution, and consumption, then they will pass the assignment. Students
will also be evaluated on the degree of effort and creativity they put
forth on their projects.
Kiser, Kenneth. Wester's New World Dictionaries
Michigan Framework for Social Studies Education: Content Standards
Schug, Mark C. (May/June 1996). Introducing children to economic reasoning:
Some beginning lessons. The Social Studies, 87.
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