TOPIC: The Many Powers of the President
CREATORS: Danielle Bin, Sharon Morton-Cousin, Delena A. Roberts,
Students will become familiar with the many roles (hats) of the president
When given a set of scenarios, students will be able to identify what
powers are being executed by the president (what hat is being worn by the
president) with 90% accuracy.
Read a story to students.
Discuss the roles of the president while filling in the web on the chalkboard.
Divide the class into six groups.
Pass out the scenarios to students and explain the task.
Give students time to discuss their scenarios and decide which hat the
president is wearing for their scenario.
Have students choose the correct hat and bring it to their group.
Allow students to discuss why they thought their hat fit the scenario.
The teacher will evaluate students by observing them in their groups
and their responses to the scenarios.
The Many Hats of the President
Commander In Chief
Recommends measures for Congress to consider
Gives Congress information on the state of the union
Chief of State
Chief of the Armed forces
Determines major strategies during war
Power to declare war
Uses military power in domestic disorder to reinforce laws
Formally greets head of state
Entertains in state dinners
Performs ceremonial duties
Makes foreign policy
Represents U.S. in foreign relations
Makes treaties with the approval of 2/3 of Senate
appoints ambassadors, ministers, and consuls
Appoints several thousand officials
Supervises administration of executive department
Takes care that laws are faithfully executed
Appoints federal judges
Grants reprieves and pardons
The Many Hats of the President
Read each scenario and determine which hat the President wore when he executed
President Clinton oversaw the signing of a new accord in September, 1993
between Palestinian leader Yasir Arafat and Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak
Rabin. Clinton and his administration hosted this historic compromise at
the White House. Which hat did Clinton wear while hosting?
President Grover Cleveland in his first term (1885-1889) received a controversial
bill approved by the House of Representatives and the Senate, he chose
to "reject" the bill. IN fact, Cleveland "rejected" more bills in this
first term than all preceding presidents combined. Which hat was Cleveland
Once in office, Clinton quickly set about starting the reforms he had promised
during his campaign. To achieve his vision of change, Clinton put together
the most racially diverse and gender-balanced cabinet in U.S. history.
Those hand picked by Clinton were Henry Cisneros as Secretary of Housing
and Urban Development, Ron Brown Secretary of Commerce, Jocelyn Elders
as Surgeon General, and Press Secretary Dee Dee Myers. Which hat was Clinton
wearing while making these official changes?
North Korean people are starving. They are in desperate need of food and
other supplies. They have asked the United States for help. They also have
several weapons that could be used against us if they fell into the wrong
hands. If Clinton decides to send food and aid in the interest of keeping
North Korea on our side, which hat would he be wearing?
Richard Nixon was part of the Watergate Affair which involved such criminal
acts as burglary, illegal wiretapping, perjury, conspiracy to obstruct
justice, and misuse of campaign funds. Gerald Ford, Nixon's successor,
"excused" him which allowed him to be immune from prosecution. Which hat
did Ford have on?
George Bush's experiences during WWII contributed to his strong interest
in foreign affairs. During his presidency, terrible memories about WWII
resurfaced when he felt it necessary to send troops to Kuwait during Operation
Desert Storm. When he executed this plan to aid Kuwait and bombard Saddam
Hussein, which hat was he wearing?
Bernstein, R.B., & Agel, J. (1956) The Presidency Into The Third
Century. New York, New York: Walker Publishing Co.
Elting, M. (1967) We Are The Government. Garden City, New York:
Doubleday & Co.
Filtner, D. (1973) Those People In Washington. United States:
Regensteiner Publishing Enterprises, Inc.
McCague, J. #40;1975) The Office of The President. Champaign,
IL: Garrard Publishing Co.
Schlesinger, Jr., A.M. (1990 ) The Federal Government: How It Works.
New York: Chelsea House Publishers.
Seuling, B. (1978) The Last Cow On The White House Lawn & Other
Little-Known Facts About The Presidency. Garden City, New York: Doubleday
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